Sunday, 26 May 2013

Founder Of Islam

Founder Of Islam History

Source(google.com.pk)
In Medina, located in present-day Saudi Arabia, Muhammad, one of the most influential religious and political leaders in history, dies in the arms of Aishah, his third and favorite wife.

Born in Mecca of humble origins, Muhammad married a wealthy widow at 25 years old and lived the next 15 years as an unremarkable merchant. In 610, in a cave in Mount Hira north of Mecca, he had a vision in which he heard God, speaking through the angel Gabriel, command him to become the Arab prophet of the "true religion." Thus began a lifetime of religious revelations, which he and others collected as the Qur'an. These revelations provided the foundation for the Islamic religion. Muhammad regarded himself as the last prophet of the Judaic-Christian tradition, and he adopted the theology of these older religions while introducing new doctrines. His inspired teachings also brought unity to the Bedouin tribesmen of Arabia, an event that had sweeping consequences for the rest of the world.

By the summer of 622, Muhammad had gained a substantial number of converts in Mecca, leading the city's authorities, who had a vested interest in preserving the city's pagan religion, to plan his assassination. Muhammad fled to Medina, a city some 200 miles north of Mecca, where he was given a position of considerable political power. At Medina, he built a model theocratic state and administered a rapidly growing empire. In 629, Muhammad returned to Mecca as a conqueror. During the next two and a half years, numerous disparate Arab tribes converted to his religion. By his death on June 8, 632, he was the effective ruler of all southern Arabia, and his missionaries, or legates, were active in the Eastern Empire, Persia, and Ethiopia.

During the next century, vast conquests continued under Muhammad's successors and allies, and the Muslim advance was not halted until the Battle of Tours in France in 732. By this time, the Muslim empire, among the largest the world had ever seen, stretched from India across the Middle East and North Africa, and up through Western Europe's Iberian peninsula. The spread of Islam continued after the end of the Arab conquest, and many cultures in Africa and Asia voluntarily adopted the religion. Today, Islam is the world's second-largest religion.

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This Week in History, Jun 8 - Jun 14

Jun 08, 632 Founder of Islam dies Jun 08, 1967 Israel attacks USS Liberty Jun 08, 1968 Robert Kennedy buried Jun 08, 1986 Waldheim elected Austrian president Jun 09, 1534 Cartier discovers St. Lawrence River Jun 09, 1772 British vessel burned off Rhode Island Jun 10, 1692 First Salem witch hanging Jun 10, 1935 Alcoholics Anonymous founded Jun 10, 1940 Norway surrenders to Germany Jun 10, 1980 Mandela writes from prison Jun 11, 1509 Henry VIII marries first wife Jun 11, 1880 Jeannette Rankin born Jun 11, 1944 D-Day landing forces converge Jun 11, 1963 University of Alabama desegregated Jun 11, 1967 Six-Day War ends Jun 12, 1898 Philippine independence declared Jun 12, 1963 Medgar Evers assassinated Jun 12, 1975 Indira Gandhi convicted of election fraud Jun 13, 323 B.C. Alexander the Great dies Jun 13, 1381 Peasant army marches into London Jun 13, 1967 Thurgood Marshall appointed to Supreme Court Jun 13, 1983 Pioneer 10 departs solar system Jun 13, 1986 Tutu meets with Botha Jun 14, 1789 Bounty mutiny survivors reach Timor Jun 14, 1951 UNIVAC computer dedicated Jun 14, 1982 Falkland Islands War ends
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